KADIN VOLEYBOL OYUNCULARINDA PLİOMETRİK EĞİTİMİN DİNAMİK DENGE, SIÇRAMA MESAFESİ VE HAMSTRING QUADRİCEPS ORANINA ETKİSİ

Gülcan HARPUT, Fatma Filiz ÇOLAKOĞLU, Gül BALTACI

Özet


Bu çalışmanın amacı kadın voleybol oyuncularında pliometrik eğitimin dinamik denge, sıçrama mesafesi ve hamstring quadriceps oranına etkisini araştırmaktı. Çalışmaya 34 adölesan asemptomatik kadın voleybol oyuncusu dahil edildi. Sporcular rastgele olarak 2 gruba ayrıldı. Grup 1 standart voleybol antrenmanı ile birlikte 6 haftalık pliometrik eğitime katıldı. Grup 2 ise sadece standart voleybol antrenmanına katıldı.Hamstring quadriceps oranını ölçmek için izokinetik dinamometre, dinamik dengeyi değerlendirmek için star excursion balance test, sıçrama mesafesini ölçmek için ise one leg hop test kullanıldı. İstatistiksel analiz tekrarlayan ölçümlerde varyans analizi ile yapıldı. Pliometrik eğitim dominant olmayan tarafındna dinamik dengesini ve her iki tarafından sıçrama mesafesini artırdı (p<0.05). Diğer yandan, hamstring quadriceps oranı her iki grupta artarken (p=0.04), gruplar arası farklılık bulunmadı (p=0.39). Sonuç olarak, pliometrik eğitim kadın voleybol oyuncularında sportif performansı arttırmak için etkin bir şekilde kullanılabilir.
Anahtar Kelimeler: nöromüsküler eğitim, adölesan, kuvvet, fonksiyonel performans

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