DÜZENLİ SPOR YAPAN VE YAPMAYAN 12-14 YAŞ GRUBU KIZ ÇOCUKLARDA STATİK VE DİNAMİK DENGE PERFORMANSININ İNCELENMESİ

Bahar ATEŞ

Özet


Bu çalışma ile 12-14 yaş grubu voleybol oynayan ve herhangi bir branşla ilgilenmeyen kız çocuklarda dinamik ve statik denge yeteneğinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma gruplarını, en az 2 yıl voleybol geçmişine sahip, okul takımı olarak haftada 4 gün voleybol antrenmanı yapan ve okul takımında yer alan (n=12) ve herhangi bir spor branşı ile ilgilenmeyen gönüllü kız öğrenciler (n=12) oluşturmuştur. Katılımcıların yaş, boy, kilo ölçümleri ile dinamik ve statik denge performansları ölçüldü. Dinamik denge performansı, anterior (ANT), posterolateral (PL) ve posteromedial (PM) olmak üzere 3 yönde modifiye Yıldız Gezi Denge Testi (YGDT) ile statik denge performansı ise, Tek Bacak Üstünde Durma Denge Testi ile değerlendirildi. Tüm katılımcıların yaş, boy, vücut ağırlık değerleri, ANT, PL ve PM ve 3 değerin ortalaması alınarak hesaplanan karma puan (COMP) değerleri ve statik denge değerlerinin ortalamaları ve standart sapma değerleri hesaplanarak yorumlandı. Gruplar arası ANT, PL, PM, COMP ve statik denge skorları arasındaki farklılıkların karşılaştırılmasında Mann-Whitney U testi kullanıldı. Çalışma sonunda voleybol oynayan grupta her iki bacak PL ve COMP denge performansı skorları ve baskın olmayan bacak statik denge performans skoru herhangi bir sporla ilgilenmeyen sedanter gruba göre daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Sonuç olarak, çocukluk döneminde yapılan düzenli egzersizlerin çocukların denge gelişimine olumlu etkileri olduğu söylenebilir.

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